Archive for September, 2012

A Rewarding Realization & A Deeper Connection

            I finally feel a connection to rhetoric. This whole time I’ve been thinking that my perceptions of rhetoric are different than others. While many have a negative view of it, I’ve been struggling to find the positive parts and highlight them because I believed there was something more to it. Now I finally know what that is. Traditional rhetoric has a patriarchal bias, and invitational rhetoric, as discussed in Beyond Persuasion: A proposal for an Invitational Rhetoric, paints a much clearer picture of what rhetoric means to me.
            All my opinions about rhetoric thus forth have somehow been entwined with invitational rhetoric. As I spoke of rhetoric being a persuasive art, I considered the idea that we can persuade without having the persuaded be a submissive. I stressed the importance of each individual having our own unique thoughts and choosing what to believe in. When I spoke of rhetoric and democracy, I saw the importance of having others listen to and accept our ideas as natural and necessary to creating the world we live in. I took the negative connotations associated with democracy and directed them towards society instead, blaming people for their views of seeming themselves as superior and thinking they have the right to be dominant over others. I explained how attacking others rarely helps in getting your point across and that one must learn to speak effectively, in terms of rhetoric.  My idea of what I believe to be effective speaking and rhetoric has been there this whole time. However, I had mistakenly associated it too much with traditional rhetoric, because it had been all I had known.  Foss and Griffen have opened up my mind and I realize that the rhetoric I’ve been struggling to bring out in traditional rhetoric is actually grounded in invitational rhetoric.
            Invitational rhetoric is the idea of rhetoric as an invitation to understanding both an issue and the participants to create a relationship between an audience and rhetor based on equality, immanent value and self-determination. By allowing both rhetor and audience to contribute to the thinking of the issue, a sense of appreciation, safety, value and freedom is created. I believe that if more people saw rhetoric in the way described by invitational rhetoric, the world would be full of better communicators, and through the power of mutual understanding we could achieve more possibilities and create an environment we never thought possible before.
             

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A Deeper Dive into Democracy

         In my recent blog post, I touched upon the idea of rhetoric and democracy. After reading more chapters in The History and Theory of Rhetoric, I think they have a much deeper connection than I first got into and therefore, would like to expand upon it to give it the attention it deserves.
         Rhetoric is what makes possible human social life and civilization. It allows for counter arguments and debates, structured communication, and persuasion that lead us to new points of views. Without it, life would be boring, monotone, and there would be no way to fight for what we believe in. Civilization without such aspects could not be called civilized at all. Rhetoric is what keeps us in control and without it, we would be a more prejudice and violent society. It is because of this idea that I believe the study and practice of rhetoric is necessary for democracy to exist.
         Herrick states, regarding rhetoric in Rome, that “ When democracy flourishes, so does rhetoric and its study. When democracy declines, rhetoric also declines as its role as the method of free public discourse is diminished” (110). According to Aristotle, one of the functions of rhetoric is that it allows for the free exchange of ideas. When situations arise where freedom of speech is taken away, the anger that follows is immense. Sharing our values and beliefs with others and choosing what to stand for is part of the foundation of democracy. It is an art of “investigation and expression” (72).  It is through debate and conversation that leads us to developing what we want from society.
         Knowing how to study rhetoric and speak effectively is very important when it comes to getting your point heard. Anyone can speak but you must know your audience in order to have people listen. For example, people have outlets like blogs that express their thoughts, opinions, and feelings, ect. If they are public, comments on the bottom of the post may be noticeable. Many blog commenters attack others when their views don’t match their own instead of speaking effectively. By hiding behind an anonymous face, people like this show their lack rhetorical knowledge and may be labeled as haters and have their comments ignored. On another note, one of the biggest controversies over gay marriage has continuously recruited more support and acknowledgement due to their effective protests, emotional influences, visible passion and most importantly, knowing how to reach their audience.
         Rhetoric shapes how we view the world around us. In turn, we choose different values and decide how to act upon them. Democracy gives us this opportunity of freedom of expression, but rhetoric provides us with the knowledge to exercise it. It’s important that the study of rhetoric is taken seriously, for it has the power to shape us all.

Is rhetoric all its cracked up to be?

           Rhetoric is everywhere in our life, ranging from music such as Mozart’s symphony No 40 In G minor, to our country’s political structure, such as Presidential candidate speeches. Rhetoric is important because you can’t understand content unless you notice the invisible things behind the words like how the argument is framed and the symbolic action of it.  In my opinion, rhetoric is structured communication, the way you put the pieces of your argument together. It is a way of communicating clearly to get your point across. 

           So, what baffles me is the huge negative connotation rhetoric is given. As described in the first three chapters of Herrick’s The History and Theory of Rhetoric, rhetoric is often considered to be a persuasive deceptive art capable of granting someone power over another. Do I believe rhetoric to be persuasive? Absolutely. But in terms of deceptiveness and power, I don’t necessarily agree. Just because rhetoric can be used as a tool to achieve something you want, doesn’t make them your submissive. For example, a couple weekends ago I was in Bed Bath and Beyond buying a mattress pad. Bed Bath and Beyond always has so many coupons, but unfortunately I did not have one. By using rhetoric, I appealed to the cashier’s pathos by making her feel bad that I thought I had brought it with me, but had forgotten it with all the other stresses of moving in to a new apartment. Because of the friendly approach I had, she gave me the 20% discount I wanted. Does this mean I exerted power over her to get her to give me the coupon? I don’t see it that way. I see it as part of our natural life, our society. It is part of the way we live because how could we have any thoughts about anything without communication, counter-arguments, and persuasion.

            Herrick states, in regard to rhetoric and democracy that “ One must be accustomed to tolerating even the most unusual opinions and points of view and even take a certain pleasure in their counter play; one must be willing to listen as to speak and as a listener one must be able more or less to appreciate the art being applied” (46).  I think this means that when it comes to society, having others listen and accept our opinions or ideas and vice versa are natural, healthy, and necessary.  Thinking a little deeper than the Bed Bath and Beyond example, what would life be if we did not argue with others over what we believed in? Life would be boring, monotone and we would all probably view things the same, whether it was “right” or “wrong” way. Although it may sound deceptive when Sophists say we argue things to “ make the worse claim seem better” (34), maybe the worse claim IS better to someone who is not our self. What one may see as true and right is objective to the person doing the believing. Each individual has our own thoughts and opinions and by choosing to see something a certain way does not mean we have been fooled. 

            Many of the negative connotations associated with rhetoric I think in fact should be associated with the people in society, and society itself instead.  Why do we think we have power over someone by having him or her agree to an idea we have? What makes us think that because WE, or I, as an individual, decide to believe something that it is the Rhetor being powerful or deceptive in their claims that caused me to believe that way?  What I mean is, it is each of us that decides how we will let the words we hear and the actions we see affect and shape us. Choosing what to believe in, stand for, and do is part of developing who we are as individuals. To me, rhetoric seems the natural way to do this.

           Maybe as I continue to explore the ins and outs of rhetoric, I may be persuaded to see it like many scholars do. But for now, I stand apart. 

Welcome to my world

Hi readers, I’m Kim 🙂 As a sophomore Communications Interest major at the University of Delaware, I am very interested in examining the world we live in in a symbolic way, helping to get a clearer understanding and insight about the way our words, and actions construct the reality we live in. Communication is one of the most powerful tools in being successful in today’s world. That is why I decided to take this Intro to Rhetoric English class this semester. I named my blog ” A battlefield of thoughts” because I intend for this blog to be a breakdown of my misunderstandings, interpretations, my learning processes and discoveries as I increase my knowledge about the world of rhetoric. My hope is that I can uncover the truth and the power behind the words we all use in everyday language, and when we have a deeper purpose in mind.

 

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